Delta Stamps Fact File No. 9
     

Machin Litho Printings By Waddington

Head Types

Click on the symbol for the associated item(s) in our Price List.

Enlargements can be viewed for most images by clicking the image itself.

Machin litho printings were first introduced 1981 as a result of the Royal Mail looking for alternative suppliers to Harrison and Sons in order to be not so reliant on a single provider. Clearly, the first litho attempts produced stamps that were poor reproductions compared with there Harrison counterparts - the head tends to appear dull and 'washed out' and there is a lack of contrast between head and background.

From the outset, Waddington used two plates for these monochrome printings (unlike Questa who originally used just one plate). While a few values match Harrison Heads fairly closely, the majority appear to have been extensively modified by Waddington's producing a number of distinct 'Waddington' variants.

Waddington Litho printings.

One Curve in hair
Two Curves in hair
Year Source
Head Type
Curves in Hair Value
1980 Harrison origin
B
Two Curves 4p Blue
  Waddington modified
E
One Curve 20p Dull purple
1981 Harrison origin
B
Two Curves 22p Blue
  Waddington modified
E
W1
One Curve
Two Curves
11½p, 18p
14p Light Grey blue
1982 Harrison origin
B
Two Curves 26p Red
  Waddington modified
W2
Two Curves 12½p, 15½p, 19½p
1983 Waddington modified
W2
Two Curves 16p, 20½p, 28p
1984 Waddington modified
W3
W4
W2A
Two Curves
One Curve
Two Curves
13p, 17p
22p Green,
31p
1986 Rory Matthews origin
F
Two Curves 12p
Head Type Codes are those used by S.G. Specialised Catalogue. The Country Head Type (highlighted in yellow) versions are not explicitly coded by S.G. Those prefixed with 'W' fall outside the current Head Type definitions.


Symbol Types

Symbol Type I
Symbol Type II
Scottish Symbol Types
  • Type I
    • Lions Head - eye surrounded by white and white dot centre; no break across bridge of nose.
    • Lions Tail - curl extending from right side is bulbous.
    • Lions Tail - wide gap between three part tail and curl extending from right side.
  • Type II
    • Lions Head - eye joins background across bridge of nose.
    • Lions Tail - curl extending from right side is narrower and has a wider spacing at bottom.
    • Lions Tail - narrow gap between three part tail and curl extending from right side.

Head Types

The following reviews Waddington printings by Head Type (the background is considered a separate and subsidiary feature) producing a number of groups

Harrison derived Head Type B

4p 22p Scotland 26p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  4p National 1980 Dark    
  22p Blue Scotland 1981 Dark    
  26p Scotland 1982 Dark    

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type W1

14p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  14p Scotland 1981 Light   Very curved base to dress

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type E

20p 11½p Scotland 18p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
Xxx 20p National 1980 Light    
  11½p Scotland 1981 Dark    
  18p Scotland 1981 Gradated    

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type W2

12½p Scotland 20½p Scotland 28p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  12½p Scotland 1982 Light   Symbol type I
  15½p     Gradated   Symbol type I
  19½p     Gradated   Symbol type I
  16p   1983 Light   Symbol type II
  20½p     Dark   Symbol type II
  28p     Gradated   Symbol type II

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type W3

13p Scotland 17p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  13p Scotland 1984 Light 1A Symbol type I
  13p   1985 Light 2A, 3A Symbol type II
  17p   1984 Light 1A Symbol type I
  17p   1985 Light 2A, 3A Symbol type II
             

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type W4

22p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  22p Green Scotland 1984 Dark 1A Symbol type I
  22p Green   1986   2A, 3A Symbol type II

Some of the defining features



Waddington modified Head Type W2A

31p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  31p Scotland 1984 Gradated 1A Symbol type I
  31p   1985 Gradated 2A Symbol type II

Some of the defining features

Interesting, the area around the front cross shows a dark surrounding outline from the original cut-out (Click the image of the 31p for enlarged detail).



Rory Matthews Head Type F

12p Scotland
  Value Design Issued Background Source Notes
  12p Scotland 1986 Dark   Rory Matthews Head

Some of the defining features



Comparisons between Waddington (Scotland) and Questa (N. Ireland and Wales).

       
Scotland
Wales  
  Value S.G. Symbol Waddington Questa Questa  
Xxx 11½p XSL1   E n/a B  
  12p XSL2   F (RM) n/a F (RM)  
  12p XSL3   n/a F (RM) F (RM) Transferred to Questa
  12½p XSL4   W2 n/a (A#)  
  13p XSL5 Type I W3 n/a F (RM)  
  13p XSL6 Type II W3 n/a F (RM)  
  13p XSL7 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Transferred to Questa
  14p XSL9   W1 n/a (A#) Light grey blue
  15½p XSL14   W2 n/a C*  
  16p XSL15   W2 n/a (A#)  
  17p XSL16 Type I W3 n/a F (RM)  
  17p XSL17 Type II W3 n/a F (RM)  
  17p XSL19 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Transferred to Questa
  18p XSL21   E n/a C* Violet
  19½p XSL33   W2 n/a C*  
  20½p XSL38   W2 n/a B  
  22p XSL39   B n/a B Blue
  22p XSL40 Type I W4 n/a F (RM) Green
  22p XSL41 Type II W4 n/a F (RM) Green
  22p XSL42 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Green; Transferred to Questa
  26p XSL55 Type I B n/a B Red
  26p XSL56 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Red; Transferred to Questa
  28p XSL60 Type I W2 n/a C* Violet
  28p XSL61 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Violet; Transferred to Questa
  31p XSL65 Type I W2A n/a F (RM)  
  31p XSL66 Type II W2A n/a F (RM)  
  31p XSL67 Type II n/a F (RM) F (RM) Transferred to Questa

S.G Heads
A# Currently, 10p S.G is designated Head Type A - Should be reclassified
C* Head Type C with Country Symbols - rounder base to dress
F (RM) Rory Matthews Head

 


 
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